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Peer Reviewed

  • Bratton, Michael and Peter Penar (2018). Forthcoming. “Power Sharing as a Strategy to Resolve Political Crises.” The Oxford Encyclopaedia of African Politics (Oxford University Press).

Other Publications


Conference Presentations

African Studies Association (2018)
  • “My Brother's Keeper? The Effects of African Regional Organizations on Election Quality” (2018)
American Political Science Association (2018)
  • “Zimbabwe’s 2018 Elections: A ‘Not-So-Removed’ Post-Mortem” (2018)
International Studies Association (2016, 2017, 2018)
  • "Winning at the Regional Level: African Regional Organizations’ Cartel Behavior and How Opposition Parties Attempt to Break It" (2018)
  • "Pro-interventionists v. Pro-sovereigntists in Africa: Explaining Attitudes towards the Duty to Intervene Regionally" (2017) also MPSA (2016)
  • "The Regionalization of Election Support in Africa: Explaining Differing Responses and Elite Perceptions of Responses by African Regional Organizations" (2016)
Michigan State University (2016, 2017, 2018)
  • African Graduate Student Association Conference, "Leaders of Africa Project: Studying Leadership Rigorously" (2018)
  • MSU African Studies Center’s Special Panel, "Perspectives on Kenyan Elections" (2017)
  • MSU African Studies Center’s Eye on Africa Series, "Closing Africa’s Eye to Election Malpractice? Prospects for Free and Fair Elections and the Role of African Regional Intervention" (2016)
  • African Graduate Student Association Conference, "Becoming My Brother’s Keeper? Examining the Effects of African Regional Organizations on Election Quality" (2016)
Midwest Political Science Association (2016, 2017, 2019)
  • “Collaborative or Combative? Civil Society Relations with Election Administration and their Effects on Civil Society Perceptions.” (2019)
  • "Is China’s Love Affair with Africa Mutual: Determinants of Africans’ Perceptions Toward China-Africa Relations" (2017) with Master’s student Eva Tetteh
  • "The Double-Edged Sword of Election-Related Intervention: Explaining Why ECOWAS and the African Union Played a Decisive Role in Côte d’Ivoire and the Consequences" (2017)
Invited talks (2016)
  • Workshop on Electricity in Africa at École Polytechnique, "Turning on the Lights for All: How Unequal Access to Electricity Persists Alongside Relative Deprivation in Africa," Paris, France (December 15, 2016)