Peer Reviewed:

  • Bratton, Michael and Peter Penar (2018). Forthcoming. “Dropping the Democracy Ball in
    Southern Africa: South Africa, SADC and Zimbabwe.” Taiwan Journal of Democracy.

Other Publications:

Interview on CNBC-Africa’s program Beyond Markets:

Interview with Bruce Whitfield on South Africa’s 702 and CapeTalk radio station program, The Money Show:


Interview with Thabo Mdluli on South Africa’s PowerFM:


In the Media:

One of the interviews with the BBC:

Interview with Thabo Mdluli on South Africa’s PowerFM:


Conference Presentations:

American Political Science Association (2018)

  • “Collaborative or Combative? Civil Society Relations with Election Administration” (Upcoming, 2018)

International Studies Association (2016, 2017, 2018)

  • “Winning at the Regional Level: African Regional Organizations’ Cartel Behavior and How Opposition Parties Attempt to Break It” (2018)
  • “Pro-interventionists v. Pro-sovereigntists in Africa: Explaining Attitudes towards the Duty to Intervene Regionally” (2017) also MPSA (2016)
  • “The Regionalization of Election Support in Africa: Explaining Differing Responses and Elite Perceptions of Responses by African Regional Organizations” (2016)

Michigan State University (2016, 2017, 2018)

  • African Graduate Student Association Conference, “Leaders of Africa Project: Studying Leadership Rigorously” (2018)
  • MSU African Studies Center’s Special Panel, “Perspectives on Kenyan Elections” (2017)
  • MSU African Studies Center’s Eye on Africa Series, “Closing Africa’s Eye to Election Malpractice? Prospects for Free and Fair Elections and the Role of African Regional Intervention” (2016)
  • African Graduate Student Association Conference, “Becoming My Brother’s Keeper? Examining the Effects of African Regional Organizations on Election Quality” (2016)

Midwest Political Science Association (2016, 2017)

  • “Is China’s Love Affair with Africa Mutual: Determinants of Africans’ Perceptions Toward China-Africa Relations” (2017) with Master’s student Eva Tetteh
  • “The Double-Edged Sword of Election-Related Intervention: Explaining Why ECOWAS and the African Union Played a Decisive Role in Côte d’Ivoire and the Consequences” (2017)

Invited talks (2016)

  • Workshop on Electricity in Africa at École Polytechnique, “Turning on the Lights for All: How Unequal Access to Electricity Persists Alongside Relative Deprivation in Africa,” Paris, France (December 15, 2016)